Publications on Entrepreneurship & Innovation

Completed Research

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Switzerland 2013

Siegfried Alberton, Andreas A. Brülhart, Rico J. Baldegger, Frederik Hacklin
21. May 2014
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Report 2013 on Switzerland illustrates national differences in entrepreneurial attitudes, activity, and aspirations between economies, revealing the factors that determine the nature and level of national entrepreneurial activity, and identifying policy implications for enhancing entrepreneurship in Switzerland. The GEM data complement already existing indicators of competitiveness and innovation. In the 2013 census, perceived opportunities to start a business were higher in Switzerland than in previous years. Switzerland ranks above the average of innovationbased countries. What is particularly noticeable is the fact that Fear of Failure has clearly lessened in the past few years, and in 2013 was even lower than in the USA.

xRisk - Export Risk Management Guidelines

Prof. Dr. Rico Baldegger, HSW Fribourg, Prof. Dr. Ralph Lehmann, HTW Chur, Prof. Dr. Christian Hauser, HTW Chur
30. August 2013
The global financial and economic crisis has made clear to many Swiss SMEs that the risk has increased in the exporting business. Currency losses reduce margins in sales to foreign customers. Economic downturns weaken revenues in foreign markets. Unrest and strikes impede the distribution of products. Foreign competitors copy proprietary technologies. Floods and storms delay transportation. A key feature of internationally experienced companies is that they address a broad range of risk types in their export decision-making. They carefully compare and contrast the opportunities and risks of the export business ventures and base their decisions on up-to-date information. They institutionalise risk management in the company and familiarise their staff with risk potential handling techniques. These guidelines provide a detailed insight into the ways in which internationally experienced companies deal with export risks and act as a tool for SMEs to use for their risk management. Major support for these guidelines was given by the following business partners: Extramet AG, Contrinex AG, Rieter Machine Works Ltd, Switzerland Global Enterprise and PostFinance. We are grateful for the commitment and expertise which they contributed to the project.
xRisk-2013 EN (1.3 MB)
xRisk-2013 FR (1.3 MB)
xRisk-2013 DE (1.3 MB)
xRisk-2013 IT (1.3 MB)

Swiss International Entrepreneurship Survey (SIES) 2013

Rico J. Baldegger
20. August 2013
The School of Management Fribourg has presented the results of its 2013 study, the third of its kind, on Swiss SMEs’ internationalization efforts and in doing so has uncovered some new trends. For the purposes of data collection for the PostFinance-sponsored study, a multilingual questionnaire (German, French, Italian and English) was sent out to the management of SMEs that focus on exports. The results of this study, which was based on the Bisnode D&B company databank, have revealed the principal factors affecting the success or failure of a company`s internationalization strategy.
SIES-2013_DE (2.9 MB)
SIES-2013_FR (4.7 MB)
SIES-2013_IT (4.5 MB)

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Switzerland (GEM) 2012

Rico J. Baldegger, Andreas A. Brülhart, Siegfried Alberton, Fredrik Hacklin
24. May 2013
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Report 2012 on Switzerland illustrates national differences in entrepreneurial attitudes, activity, and aspirations between economies, revealing the factors that determine the nature and level of national entrepreneurial activity, and identifying policy implications for enhancing entrepreneurship in Switzerland. The GEM data not only complement already existing indicators of competitiveness and innovation, but also allow – as in 2011 – the creation of a new aggregate index, the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI). In the 2012 census, perceived opportunities to start a business were lower in Switzerland than in previous years. Nonetheless, Switzerland ranks above the average of innovation-based countries. What is particularly noticeable is the fact that Fear of Failure has clearly lessened in the past few years, and in 2012 was as low as in the USA. Switzerland has even joined the USA in leading all innovation-based economies.

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2012 Global Report

Siri Roland Xavier, Donna Kelley, Jacqui Kew, Mike Herrington, Arne Vorderwülbecke
22. January 2013
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2012 Global Report estimates that nearly half of the world’s entrepreneurs are between the ages of 25 and 44. The survey also reports that, in all geographic regions surveyed, 25-34 year olds showed the highest rates of entrepreneurial activity.GEM 2012 Global Report

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Switzerland (GEM) 2011

Rico Baldegger, Siegfried Alberton, Fredrik Hacklin, Andreas Brülhart, A. Huber, O. Saglam
26. June 2012
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is an international research project which was initiated in 1997 by London Business School (UK) and Babson College (USA). It examines start-up activities in more than 50 countries worldwide. Since 2009 HEG Fribourg and its Institute for Entrepreneurship and SMEs has been responsible for the execution of the national entrepreneurship monitor in Switzerland. In 2011 HEG Fribourg realized this national research project for the first time in collaboration with ETH Zurich and SUPSI Manno. The result of the conjoint endeavors, namely the Swiss National Report 2011, clearly portrays the differences among innovation-driven economies in terms of entrepreneurial attitude, activity and aspiration. Besides, the Swiss National Report 2011 sheds light on the determining factors of entrepreneurship in Switzerland and inherent policy implications. The GEM data complements existing indicators about competitiveness and innovation and allows the creation of a new aggregate index, the Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEDI).

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2011

Rico Baldegger
7. April 2012
In 2011, the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) conducted its 13th annual survey of the rate and profile of entrepreneurial activity around the globe. GEM interviewed over 140,000 adults (18–64 years of age) in 54 economies, spanning diverse geographies and a range of development levels. Based on this survey, GEM estimated that 388 million entrepreneurs were actively engaged in starting and running new businesses in 2011.

Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey (GUESSS) 2011

Rico Baldegger, Ana-Maria Pavalache
11. October 2011
Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey (GUESSS) is an international research project that investigates the entrepreneurial intentions of students’ worldwide and the effectiveness of university entrepreneurship programs with national/international benchmarking. The project was initiated in 2003 by the Swiss Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (KMU-HSG) at the University of St. Gallen and from 2006, the Institute for Entrepreneurship and SMEs at the HEG Fribourg joined the project as partner for Western Switzerland. The main goals are to identify hurdles and pitfalls when pursuing an entrepreneurial career, enable participating countries to reflect on their students' entrepreneurial spirit, make recommendations for practice and politics and make significant contributions to the scientific community. Data is gathered using an on-line survey developed by the project management with input from renowned US researchers in the field. The survey is conducted every two years. The 2011 project brings together 27 countries and more than 200 universities. The 2011 project brings together 26 different countries, adressing more than 1 Million students from almost 500 Universities across the world.GUESSS website

Entrepreneurship in Switzerland – Visions of the leading parties

Baldegger, R. J., Giunta, G.
12. May 2011
In spring 2011, the students of the Master program in Business Administration (MScBA), Major Entrepreneurship, interviewed the leaders of the four major governing parties on the conditions for Entrepreneurship in Switzerland. The scientific basis for this survey was the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), carried out in 2009 by the Institute for Entrepreneurship & SME in Fribourg.

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) 2010

Rico Baldegger, Andreas Brülhart, Patrick Schüffel , Thomas Straub
5. April 2011
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is an international research project that was initiated in 1997 by the London Business School (UK) and Babson College (USA). It examines start-up activities in 60 countries worldwide. HEG Fribourg and its Institute for Entrepreneurship and SMEs has been responsible for the execution of GEM in Switzerland since 2009. Besides a telephone survey which was carried out by the Society of Applied Social Research in Bern, many well recognized national experts (36) were interviewed with regard to the situation of entrepreneurship: for example, Doris Albisser (CEO, CLS Communication AG, Zurich), Konrad Hummler (Managing Partner, Wegelin & Co. Private Bankers, St.Gallen), Patrick Aebischer (Professor and President EPFL, Lausanne), Alain Nicod (Managing Partner, venture incubator, Zug), Hansueli Loosli (Chairman, Executive Board, Coop, Basel) and Stephane Garelli (Professor, International Business School, Lausanne).

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